Senin, 09 Desember 2019

Prevent Dehydration from Diarrhea with Rehydration Drinks

Random snacking habits can have a negative impact on your health. The condition of the body that was previously healthy and fit can be directly disrupted because it consumes food or drinks from the results of the processing process that cleanliness is not guaranteed. Coupled with changing weather conditions also affect the condition of the body, causing diarrhea. Street food does have its own charm when compared to food sold in restaurants. But unfortunately, apart from good taste and affordable prices, these types of snacks sometimes rule out health and hygiene factors. Cooks that are not cooked well, for example, risk being contaminated with a number of bacteria that cause diarrhea.

What happens when you have diarrhea?

Diarrhea is a health disorder characterized by increasing frequency of bowel movements (BAB) up to three times or exceeding your normal habits in a day. At each time of defecation, the stools released have a liquid texture. WHO, as the world health agency, states that diarrhea is the second highest cause of annual death, with 760 thousand children under the age of five. However, diarrhea is a common disease that can still be prevented and treated before the condition gets worse. In addition to food or drinks that are contaminated with bacteria, the most common causes of diarrhea are infection with the flu virus, norovirus, and rotavirus. Children aged 3-8 years can also get diarrhea due to bacterial infections, viral infections, and / or antibiotic side effects. Diarrhea in children caused by parasites that can be transmitted from their peers. Symptoms of diarrhea in children can be easily detected through changes in the texture of the bowel that looks more fluid and increased frequency of bowel movements. Almost the same symptoms experienced by adults, but accompanied by the emergence of other conditions, such as cramps or pain in the stomach, often back and forth to the bathroom for bowel movements, nausea, and vomiting. Diarrhea suffered for two days or longer must be checked by a doctor because of the risk of causing loss of water and ion content in the body. Most causes of death in people with diarrhea are severe dehydration. Therefore, several actions need to be taken to prevent dehydration due to diarrhea, one of which is by maintaining adequate fluid and ionic balance of the body.

Restore Body Fluids with Rehydration Efforts

The Indonesian Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) has established a five-step complete diarrhea program (LINTAS Diarrhea) consisting of:
  • Provision of ORS
  • Provision of zinc drugs
  • Giving milk or food
  • Giving antibiotics only if needed
  • Educate mothers or caregivers about how to administer fluids and medications and when patients should be taken to the nearest hospital.
One key therapy in the case of diarrhea is to prevent dehydration and restore lost fluids through rehydration. Rehydration or fluid therapy is an effort to restore body fluids that are wasted with feces by consuming adequate fluids, one of them by taking ORS. If it is not available, broth, vegetable sauce can also be an alternative choice as a replacement liquid.

Help Prevent Dehydration with Electrolyte Drinks

Although plain water is still recommended for drinking as a deterrent to dehydration, experts say that consuming water alone is not enough to restore lost ions. Normal water does not contain ions needed to maintain the balance of ions in the body. For this reason, the researchers recommend consuming drinks that contain the essence of the rehydration process itself. You can choose drinks that contain ions needed by the body so that the lost ions can be returned immediately. For those of you who have diarrhea or have symptoms, be sure to always meet your daily fluid and ion needs. Not only consume fluids, but it is advisable to maintain personal hygiene also to avoid bacterial infections.

Minggu, 08 Desember 2019

The Importance of Vitamin C and Zinc Intake before Ramadan Fasting

Before fasting for a full month, the need for vitamin C and zinc is needed to maintain the body's immune system in carrying out daily activities. This preparation is also very important to deal with Ramadan fasting with maintained stamina. To support the preparation for welcoming Ramadan fasting, Muslims who practice fasting need good nutrition. The reason, poor nutrition can cause reduced immunity, vulnerable to illness, impaired physical and mental development, and decreased productivity. The nutrients the body needs are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. Various nutrients can we get by eating healthy foods such as vegetables to fruits. Vitamin supplements can also help complete your nutritional needs. One of the nutrients needed to prepare for fasting is vitamin C and zinc. Vitamin C is the most effective nutrition to protect the immune system, prevent cardiovascular disease, pregnancy problems, eye diseases, to skin problems. Vitamin C helps protect body cells, maintain bone health, and increase the absorption of iron by the body from various food sources. Vitamin C is also one of the antioxidants that can protect from damage caused by free radicals, as well as toxic chemicals and pollutants such as cigarette smoke. While zinc is needed by the body to help the body's growth process, maintain health, and enhance the immune system or body immunity. The combination of these two nutrients is very good for warding off symptoms of nutritional deficiencies such as fatigue, weakness, drowsiness, constipation, dizziness, to dehydration, which is usually experienced by people who are fasting. Moreover, a good immune system can certainly prevent you from suffering from diseases that can interfere with fasting.

Sources of Vitamin C and Zinc intake

You can get Vitamin C and zinc by consuming fruits and vegetables. Some fruits that contain vitamin C include oranges, guavas, kiwi, melons, strawberries, papayas, mangoes, and pineapples. While vegetables that contain vitamin C include cabbage, broccoli, sweet potatoes, cauliflower, and red peppers. As for foods that contain lots of zinc include oysters, crabs, lobsters, chicken, beef, beans, mushrooms, oats, cereals, milk, and yogurt. You can also get Vitamin C and zinc by taking supplements. Some multivitamin supplement products also offer the benefits of vitamin C and zinc in one tablet.

Tips for Healthy Running Fasting

In order for your fasting to run smoothly, here are some tips that can support the preparation of fasting and during your fasting.
  • For those of you who have special conditions, such as pregnant women or diabetics, it is advisable to consult a doctor before deciding to fast.
  • Increase your fluid intake before the fasting of Ramadan or during fasting. Water at dawn and breaking fast, and at night can be a good option to avoid you become dehydrated when fasting.
  • Eat nutritious foods at dawn and break the fast or dinner, and complete nutrition intake to maintain your immune system. Avoid fast food and caffeine intake.
  • Not only food intake, physical exercise such as exercise is also important to support good health before and during fasting. But when fasting, adjust the type of exercise to your condition, light exercise such as walking or jogging can be a good option.
Maintaining a balanced intake of vitamins and minerals is a good way to prepare the body for fasting for a month. If you can not meet the needs of the food and drinks consumed, additional vitamin and mineral supplements can be your choice to maintain a healthy body before fasting. Total physical preparation and endurance, of course, also need to be improved so that worship is not disrupted due to your declining health. Because all good things must begin with good preparation.
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