What happens when you have diarrhea?Diarrhea is a health disorder characterized by increasing frequency of bowel movements (BAB) up to three times or exceeding your normal habits in a day. At each time of defecation, the stools released have a liquid texture. WHO, as the world health agency, states that diarrhea is the second highest cause of annual death, with 760 thousand children under the age of five. However, diarrhea is a common disease that can still be prevented and treated before the condition gets worse. In addition to food or drinks that are contaminated with bacteria, the most common causes of diarrhea are infection with the flu virus, norovirus, and rotavirus. Children aged 3-8 years can also get diarrhea due to bacterial infections, viral infections, and / or antibiotic side effects. Diarrhea in children caused by parasites that can be transmitted from their peers. Symptoms of diarrhea in children can be easily detected through changes in the texture of the bowel that looks more fluid and increased frequency of bowel movements. Almost the same symptoms experienced by adults, but accompanied by the emergence of other conditions, such as cramps or pain in the stomach, often back and forth to the bathroom for bowel movements, nausea, and vomiting. Diarrhea suffered for two days or longer must be checked by a doctor because of the risk of causing loss of water and ion content in the body. Most causes of death in people with diarrhea are severe dehydration. Therefore, several actions need to be taken to prevent dehydration due to diarrhea, one of which is by maintaining adequate fluid and ionic balance of the body.
Restore Body Fluids with Rehydration EffortsThe Indonesian Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) has established a five-step complete diarrhea program (LINTAS Diarrhea) consisting of:
- Provision of ORS
- Provision of zinc drugs
- Giving milk or food
- Giving antibiotics only if needed
- Educate mothers or caregivers about how to administer fluids and medications and when patients should be taken to the nearest hospital.